1776 – Artist John Constable (The White Horse, The Hay-Wain, The Cornfield, Stoke-by-Nayland, Arundel Mill and Castle) was born in East Bergholt, England.
1864 – Composer Richard Strauss (Also Sprach Zarathustra, Don Quixote, Till Eulenspiegel) was born in Munich, Germany.
1880 – Jeannette Rankin, first U.S. Congresswoman, was born in Missoula, MT.
1910 – Ocean explorer Jacques – Yves Cousteau was born in Saint-André-de-Cubzac, France.
1925 – Author William Styron (Sophie’s Choice, The Long March) was born in Newport News, VA.
1936 – The Presbyterian Church of America was formed in Philadelphia, PA.
1962 – Three men, John and Clarence Anglin and Frank Lee Morris, escaped from Alcatraz Prison in San Francisco Bay. They were never seen again.
1963 – President John F. Kennedy issued an executive order that the University of Alabama in Tuscaloosa be desegregated.