44 B.C. – In the ancient Roman calendar, Emperor Julius Caesar was stabbed to death in the Roman senate by 60 conspirators.
1767 – Andrew Jackson, a first generation Irish-American and the nation’s 7th president, was born in South Carolina.
1820 – Maine entered the union as the 22nd state.
1913 – U.S. President Woodrow Wilson held the first open presidential news conference just 11 days after his inauguration.
1917 – Czar Nicholas II, who had ruled Russia since 1894, abdicates the throne under pressure from Petrograd insurgents.
This is actual film footage from Nicholas’ coronation; one of the oldest moving films in existence.
1937 – The first blood bank was established in Chicago, IL at the Cook County Hospital.
1939 – Adolf Hitler’s Nazi army invaded Czechoslovakia.
1965 – President Lyndon B. Johnson addressed a joint session of Congress to urge passage of the Voting Rights Act.
1968 – Construction began on the Eisenhower / Johnson Memorial Tunnel on I-70 in Colorado, some 60 miles west of Denver. At an altitude of more than 11,000 feet, it was the highest vehicular tunnel in the world.