1521 – Martin Luther refused to recant his writings before an assembly of the Roman Catholic Church in Worms, Germany.
1906 – A massive earthquake, estimated to be 8.0 on the Richter scale, struck the San Francisco area at 5:12 A.M. Felt from Oregon down to Los Angeles, the temblor killed some 3,000 people and destroyed about 30,000 structures.
1910 – Walter R. Brookins made the first airplane flight at night, passing over Montgomery, AL.
1923 – Yankee Stadium opened in the Bronx, NY as the hometown team, the NY Yankees, hosted the Boston Red Sox.
1934 – The first laundromat opened in Fort Worth, TX.
1965 – Contralto Marian Anderson ended her 30-year singing career with a concert at Carnegie Hall in New York City.