1731 – Martha Washington, wife of the first U.S. President George Washington and the First Lady was born in Kent County, VA.
1788 – The colony of New Hampshire became the ninth state to enter the United States of America, thus allowing the U.S. Constitution to be ratified.
1834 – Cyrus McCormick patented the first practical reaper for farming.
1859 – Artist Henry Ossawa Tanner (The Banjo Lesson) was born in Pittsburgh, PA.
1903 – Artist Al Hirschfeld was born in St. Louis, MO.
1905 – Writer – philosopher Jean-Paul Sartre was born in Paris, France.
1913 – Georgia Broadwick became the first woman to parachute from an airplane over Los Angeles, CA.
1948 – Columbia Records announced that it was offering a new Vinylite long-playing record that could hold 23 minutes of music on each side.
1964 – Three young civil rights workers, Michael Schwerner, Michael Goodman and James Chaney, working to register Black voters in Mississippi, were kidnapped and later killed by local members of the Ku Klux Klan.
1982 – John W. Hinckley was found not guilty by reason of insanity in the attempted assassination of President Ronald Reagan the preceding year.
1989 – In Texas v. Johnson, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled 5-to-4 that burning the American flag as a political protest is protected by the First Amendment.