1874 – Dr. Andrew Taylor Still began the first known practice of osteopathy.
1898 – Author Erich Maria Remarque (All Quiet on the Western Front) was born in Osnabruck, Germany.
1906 – Film director Billy Wilder (The Apartment, The Lost Weekend, Sunset Boulevard, Stalag 17, Witness for the Prosecution, The Seven Year Itch, Some Like it Hot, Sabrina, Irma La Douce, The Front Page) was born in Sucha, Austria – Hungary.
1942 – V-Mail, or Victory-Mail, was sent for the first time. Used a special paper for letter writing during WWII, V-Mail was designed to reduce cargo space taken up by mail sent to and from members of the armed services. The letters written on this special paper were opened at the post office, censored and reduced in size by photography. One roll of film contained 1,500 letters.
1964 – The U.S. Supreme Court ruled that Henry Miller’s controversial book, Tropic of Cancer, could not be banned.