1868 – Christopher L. Sholes of Wisconsin patented his “type-writer.”
1894 – Dr. Alfred Kinsey (The Kinsey Report, The Sexual Behavior in the Human Male) was born in Hoboken, NJ.
1910 – Playwright Jean Anouilh (Becket, Antigone) was born in Bordeaux, France.
1929 – Singer – songwriter June Carter Cash (Jackson, If I were a Carpenter, Ring of Fire) was born in Maces Spring, VA.
1961 – The Antarctic Treaty, signed by twelve nations in 1959, took effect. The treaty guaranteed that the continent of Antarctica would be used for peaceful, scientific purposes only. The twelve original signers of the treaty were Argentina, Australia, Belgium, Chile, France, Japan, New Zealand, Norway, South Africa, the Soviet Union, the United Kingdom and the United States. Since that time, 28 other nations have signed the pact.
1972 – Title IX of the 1972 education amendments is enacted into law, prohibiting federally funded educational institutions from discriminating against students or employees based on gender.