1788 – The Virginia colony, the first permanent English settlement in North America, entered the United States of America as the tenth state.
1876 – Indian Chiefs Crazy Horse and Sitting Bull led a successful two-hour campaign in the Battle of the Little Bighorn, Montana, wiping out the army of Lt. Col. George Armstrong Custer. Custer, who led the battle against the Sioux Indian encampment, was among the 200+ casualties. Custer’s horse Comanche was among the few survivors.
1903 – Author George Orwell (Animal Farm, 1984) was born in Bengal, India.
1910 – The U.S. Congress authorized the use of postal savings stamps.
1950 – Armed forces from communist North Korea invade its southern neighbor, setting off the Korean War.
1951 – The CBS television network broadcast the first commercial color TV program, a variety show called “Premiere.” The hour-long program appeared only in New York City, Baltimore, Philadelphia, Boston and Washington, D.C.
1962 – In Engel v. Vitale, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled 5-4 that prayers in public schools violated the First Amendment to the Constitution regarding the separation of church and state.
1990 – In Cruzan v. Missouri, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled 5-4 upholding the right of an individual, whose wishes are clearly made, to refuse life-sustaining medical treatment.
1993 – Kim Campbell became Canada’s 19th and first female Prime Minister. Campbell governed until October 25, 1993 when the Progressive – Conservative Party was defeated. (Her term actually expired November 4, 1993.)
1998 – Microsoft released Windows 98 with the slogan, “Works better. Plays better.” Interest in the new release was also increased by the publicity generated by the U.S. Justice Department’s antitrust suit against Microsoft.