1541 – Spanish explorer and conqueror Francisco Pizarro was assassinated in Lima, Peru by Spanish rivals.
1819 – W.K. Clarkson, Jr. of New York City patented the bicycle.
1891 – Playwright and screenwriter Sidney Howard (Gone with the Wind) was born in Oakland, CA.
1892 – Author Pearl S. Buck (The Good Earth) was born in Hillsboro, WV.
1945 – Fifty nations came together in San Francisco for the signing of the United Nations Charter.
1956 – The U.S. Congress approved the Federal Highway Act, which allocated more than $30 billion for the construction of some 41,000 miles of interstate highways.
1959 – CBS journalist Edward R. Murrow interviewed his 500th and final guest on Person to Person: actress Lee Remick.
1963 – In a speech in front of the Berlin Wall, President John F. Kennedy expressed his solidarity with democratic German citizens by uttering the famous line: “Ich bin ein Berliner.”