1491 – King Henry VIII of England was born at Greenwich Palace in London.
1577 – Artist Peter Paul Rubens was born in Siegen, Westphalia, Netherlands.
1712 – Philosopher Jean-Jacques Rousseau was born in Geneva, Switzerland.
1902 – Composer Richard Rodgers (It Might as Well be Spring; with Oscar Hammerstein: The Sound of Music, Love Me Tonight, My Funny Valentine, The Lady is a Tramp, Oklahoma!, State Fair, The King and I, You’ll Never Walk Alone, Carousel) was born in New York City.
1905 – Author – anthropologist Ashley Montagu (The Natural Superiority of Women, Man’s Most Dangerous Myth: The Fallacy of Race) was born in London.
1906 – Physicist Maria Goeppert Mayer (won 1963 Nobel Prize with J. Hans Jensen & Eugene Wigner for nuclear shell theory; 1st American woman to win a Nobel Prize) was born in Kattowitz, Germany.
1919 – With the signing of The Treaty of Versailles, World War I officially ended.
1953 – Workers at a Chevrolet plant in Flint, MI, assembled the first Corvette.
1969 – A police raid of the Stonewall Inn in New York City turned violent and prompted a night of rioting. The event is generally considered the start of the modern gay rights movement.
1994 – The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency announced it would begin experimenting with a UV (ultraviolet) Index, “To enhance public awareness of the effects of overexposure to the sun’s ultraviolet rays, and to provide the public with actions they can take to reduce harmful effects of overexposure, which may include skin cancer, cataracts and immune suppression.”
1996 – The Citadel, which had fought to keep one woman from enrolling as a cadet in its all-male military academy in 1993, abruptly ended its opposition to enrolling qualified female cadets. The change of policy happened after the U.S. Supreme Court ruled a similar all-male policy at the Virginia Military Institute was unconstitutional.