1776 – The Second Continental Congress, assembled in Philadelphia, formally adopted a resolution for independence from Great Britain.
1809 – Shawnee Chief Tecumseh called on all Native Americans to unite and resist further encroachment by Whites on their lands.
1867 – New York City’s first elevated railroad officially opened for business. Commuters soon called the mode of transportation the El.
1881 – Only 4 months into office, President James A. Garfield was shot as he walked through a railroad waiting room in Washington, D.C. Vice President Chester A. Arthur served as acting president until Garfield died on September 19, 1881.
1900 – Count Ferdinand Graf von Zeppelin demonstrated the world’s first rigid airship over Germany’s Lake Constance.
1908 – Supreme Court Justice Thurgood Marshall, 1967 – 1991, was born in Baltimore, MD.