365 – A powerful earthquake off the coast of Greece generated a massive tsunami that slammed into Alexandria, Egypt, killing some 5,000 people.
1899 – Author Ernest Hemingway (The Old Man and the Sea, The Sun Also Rises, A Farewell to Arms, For Whom the Bell Tolls) was born in Oak Park, IL.
1920 – Violinist Isaac Stern was born in Kremenetz, Ukraine.
1925 – In Dayton, Tennessee, the so-called “Monkey Trial” ended, as John Thomas Scopes was convicted of teaching evolution in violation of state law.
1930 – The Veterans’ Administration of the United States was established.
1957 – Althea Gibson became the first Black woman to win a major U.S. tennis title, when she won the Women’s National clay-court singles competition.