1844 – Realist painter Thomas Eakins (Walt Whitman, The Thinker, The Clinic of Dr. Gross, The Clinic of Dr. Agnew, Max Schmitt in a Single Scull) was born in Philadelphia, PA.
1943 – Italy’s fascist dictator Benito Mussolini was voted out of power by the Grand Council and later arrested.
1956 – The Italian ocean liner Andrea Doria and the Swedish-American liner Stockholm collided in heavy fog, some 45 miles south of Nantucket Island. Of the 1,662 passengers and crew aboard the Andrea Doria, 52 died in the initial collision. The remaining passengers and crew managed to board the Stockholm. Everyone from both ships was rescued the next day, before the Stockholm sank.
1978 – The first test-tube baby, Louise Brown, was born in England. The daughter of Lesley and Gilbert Brown, she was the first baby conceived outside the mother’s body.