On July 27…

1789 – The Department of Foreign Affairs was established by the U.S. Congress and President George Washington.  The agency later was named the Department of State, or the State Department.

1953 – The armistice agreement that ended the Korean War was signed at Panmunjon, Korea. The war lasted three years and 32 days.  The truce negotiations between North Korean and U.S. delegates representing South Korea lasted two years and seventeen days.

1974 – The U.S. House Judiciary Committee began impeachment proceedings against President Richard M. Nixon over the Watergate affair.

1995 – The Korean War Veterans Memorial in Washington D.C. opened to the public on the 42nd anniversary of the armistice that ended the Korean War.  U.S. President Bill Clinton and President Kim Young Sam of the Republic of Korea (South Korea) dedicated the memorial.  A plaque at the flagstaff reads, “Our nation honors her sons and daughters who answered a call to defend a country they never knew and a people they never met.”

1996 – An early-morning pipe-bomb blast in Centennial Olympic Park in downtown Atlanta, Georgia, killed 2 people and injured more than 100 others, as an overnight celebration erupted into chaos.  Eric Robert Rudolph, who eluded police until his capture May 31, 2003, pleaded guilty to the bombing on April 13, 2005.

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