1866 – Author Beatrix Potter (Peter Rabbit books) was born in Kensington, England.
1868 – The 14th Amendment to the Constitution was adopted.
1896 – The city of Miami, Florida, was incorporated. It had a population of 260 at the time, but now, boasts population more than 2,000,000 people.
1945 – A B-25 bomber crashed into the 79th floor of the fog-shrouded Empire State Building in New York City, killing 14 people.
1976 – An earthquake estimated to be as high as magnitude 8.2 struck Tangshan, China, killing about 242,000 people in and around the city.