1619 – In Jamestown, VA, the first European elected legislative assembly in the Western Hemisphere convened in the town church.
1818 – Author Emily Brontë (Wuthering Heights) was born in Thornton, England.
1863 – Automobile manufacturer Henry Ford was born in Greenfield, MI.
1932 – The Games of the Xth Summer Olympiad opened in Los Angeles, CA.
1945 – The U.S.S Indianapolis was torpedoed by a Japanese submarine and sank into shark-infested waters near Guam. Only 317 of the 1,196 men aboard survived.