On August 1…

1291 – A pact was made to form the Swiss Confederation.  The anniversary of this founding has been celebrated as National Day in Switzerland since 1891.

1770 – Explorer William Clark was born in Caroline County, VA.

1779 – Attorney – poet Francis Scott Key (The Star-Spangled Banner) was born in Carroll County, MD.

1819 – Author Herman Melville (Moby Dick, Redburn, Typee, Omoo, White-Jacket) was born in New York City.

1876 – Colorado became the 38th state of the United States.

1940 – John Fitzgerald Kennedy, then age 23, published his first book, Why England Slept.

1953 – The Alcoa (Aluminum Corporation of America) Building in Pittsburgh, PA, the first aluminum-faced building constructed in America, was completed.

1981 – The MTV (Music Television) Network made its debut.

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