1848 – The U.S. Congress created the Oregon Territory, made up of today’s Oregon, Washington, Idaho and parts of Montana and Wyoming.
1863 – Author Ernest Thayer (Casey at the Bat) was born in Lawrence, Massachusetts.
1867 – Author John Galsworthy (The Forsyte Saga) was born in Surrey, England.
1880 – Exactly 632 years after rebuilding began, the Cologne Cathedral in Cologne, Germany, was completed. The largest Gothic style cathedral in Northern Europe was first built on the same site in 873 A.D., but was destroyed by fire in 1248. Rebuilding began on August 14, 1248.
1888 – Oliver B. Shallenberger of Rochester, Pennsylvania, received a patent for the electric meter.
1994 – French intelligence agents captured Illich Ramirez Sanchez, the terrorist known as “Carlos the Jackal,” in Khartoum, Sudan.