1848 – Artist Paul Gaugin (The Yellow Christ, Where Do We Come From? Where Are We? Where Are We Going?) was born in Paris.
1866 – Chief Seattle, for whom the Seattle, WA, is named, died in a nearby coastal village.
1909 – Physician Virginia Apgar, developed the Apgar Score System, a method of evaluating newborns’ need for medical care, was born in Westfield, NJ.
1917 – Poet Gwendolyn Brooks (Annie Allen, We Real Cool, The Bean Eaters, Winnie, Coming Home) was born in Topeka, KS.
1917 – Dean Martin (Dino Paul Crocetti; singer: Memories are Made of This, Return to Me, Everybody Loves Somebody, The Door is Still Open to My Heart, Houston; actor: My Friend Irma, Hollywood or Bust, Airport) was born in Steubenville, OH.
1939 – King George VI became the first British monarch to visit the United States, when he and his wife, Elizabeth, crossed the U.S. – Canadian border at Niagara Falls, NY.
1942 – The 4-day “Battle of Midway” – one of the most decisive victories in the U.S. war against Japan – came to an end. But then, Japanese soldiers landed on and temporarily took control of the Aleutian islands of Attu and Kiska, marking the only time foreign military personnel occupied U.S. territory during World War II. The Japanese killed 25 American troops in the initial assault, but the U.S. wouldn’t recapture the islands until the following year.