1754 – King’s College opened in New York City. It was renamed Columbia College in 1784 and, later, became Columbia University.
1860 – Composer Gustav Mahler was born in Vienna, Austria.
1865 – Mary Surratt became the first woman executed by the federal government for her role as a conspirator in President Abraham Lincoln’s assassination.
1887 – Artist Marc Chagall (Red Nude Sitting Up, I and the Village, Bride with a Fan, The Cattle Dealer, Jew at Prayer, Bella with a White Collar) was born in Liozna, Belarus, Russia.
1898 – The United States annexed the Hawaiian Islands.
1899 – Movie director George Cukor (My Fair Lady, A Star is Born, Born Yesterday, Love Among the Ruins, The Philadelphia Story) was born in New York City.
1902 – Movie director Vittorio de Sica (The Garden of the Finzi-Continis, Marriage Italian Style, Two Women, The Bicycle Thief; actor: The Shoes of the Fisherman, It Started in Naples) was born in Sora, Lazio, Italy. (Some sources list his birth year as 1901.)
1976 – The U.S. Military Academy at West Point, NY, admitted women for the first time.
1981 – Sandra Day O’Connor, an Arizona court of appeals judge, became the first woman nominated to the U.S. Supreme Court. The Senate unanimously approved her appointment on September 21.